Glaucoma Treatment in York, Geneva, and Hebron
Glaucoma results from optic nerve damage due to an increased pressure inside the eye. This serious eye condition can lead to permanent blindness without treatment. One of the most important reasons to schedule regular optometry visits is early glaucoma diagnoses. By seeing an optometrist for treatment, like ours at Mid-America Vision Center in Hebron, York, and Geneva, your vision can be preserved.
In between the lens and the cornea is filled with fluid called aqueous humor. This fluid is essential to your eye health. In a healthy eye, this fluid is constantly produced and drained to maintain a constant pressure. Glaucoma occurs when there is a blockage to the drainage mechanism, putting pressure on the optic nerve. Once damaged, vision loss occurs. Sometimes, people won’t notice vision changes right away because they might have open-angle glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is the most common type, and occurs when the flow of the fluid doesn’t work properly, but the drainage structure looks fine, leaving it go unnoticed. However, people can experience angle-closure glaucoma, which is a sudden increase pressure. When this happens, painful symptoms are triggered.
Open-angle glaucoma develops slowly, so most people are unware that they have it until severe vision occurs. For angle-closure glaucoma, it can bring about the following symptoms:
- Severe eye pain or headache
- Blurred vision
- Blind spots, especially in the peripheral vision
- Nausea and vomiting
- Halos or rainbow-colored rings around lights
People over the age of 60 are prone to developing glaucoma. Glaucoma also tends to run in families, and is more likely in those of Hispanic, African, and Asian heritage. Physical conditions like thin corneas, thin optic nerves, nearsightedness, and farsightedness may also increase the risk. You are more likely to develop glaucoma if you have diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
Treatment for Glaucoma
Medicated eye drops prescribed by our doctors of optometry can help normalize the pressure in the eyes. These include alpha agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, and prostaglandin analogs. Some work by promoting drainage, while others decrease fluid production. Laser surgery is another option. This can help drain the fluid properly.
For glaucoma treatment, schedule an appointment with our doctors at Mid-America Vision Center in York, Geneva, and Hebron. You can reach us by calling our York center at 402-362-3313, our Geneva center at 402-759-4536, or our Hebron center at 402-768-6651. All of our offices offer the full range of optometry services that can help with your condition.